This instability has been coupled with a rise in violence. In August, Iván Márquez, a high-ranking FARC commander who represented the group in peace negotiations, reappeared after leaving his Senate seat and disappearing. In a recorded statement, Márquez said he and a group of dissidents would take up arms again; Dressed in fatigue, he held his decision responsible for the failure of the current government to keep the promises of the peace agreement. According to Pares, a Colombian think tank focused on peace and reconciliation, about 1,800 former guerrillas have returned to violence. In response to the increased threat, Colombia`s armed forces appear to have seen violence as a solution: The New York Times reported in May that the country`s army chief had ordered soldiers to double the number of criminals killed, captured or forced to surrender. The directive has raised fears that the country could return to the “False Positives” era, when members of Colombia`s armed forces killed unarmed civilians and dressed their bodies in militant fatigue to meet murder rates. The country`s experience since 2016 illustrates the fragility of peace subject to the whims and actions of a litany of actors and organizations: after a successful first phase of demobilization and disarmament, Colombia is now facing more costly and destabilizing phases of the reintegration of FARC combatants; The rural areas most affected by the war have seen little investment and illegal drug production has exploded. But it also highlights the role that democratic governments should play in protecting dissidents. Here in Colombia, these are the people who are being targeted — and killed. “When I look at the peace agreement and how the government has implemented it, I think it`s obvious that it`s not working as intended,” said Sergio Guzman, director of Colombia Risk Analysis. The Special Jurisdiction for Peace (PEC) would be the transitional justice component of the Global System and would fulfil Colombia`s duty to investigate, investigate, prosecute and punish serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed during the armed conflict. Its objectives would be to satisfy the victims` right to justice, to transmit the truth to the public, to contribute to the reparation of victims, to contribute to the fight against impunity, to take decisions that give full legal certainty to the direct and indirect parties to the conflict and contribute to the achievement of a stable and lasting peace.  The agreement ensures that extradition will not be granted for offences and offences within the jurisdiction of the PEC and committed during the armed conflict preceding the signing of the final agreement.
Moreover, the imposition of a sanction by the JEP would not limit the right to political participation.  One rebel group, the Marxist National Liberation Army (ELN), continues to operate with about 3,000 active fighters. . . .